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Civil Engineering vs Architecture – What do you need to know?

A building like the Eiffel Tower or Burj Khalifa takes time and effort to construct. Amazing structural accomplishments would not be possible without the hard work of architects and civil engineers. But how do each of them contribute to the construction of these structures? In both fields, structures such as buildings, roads, bridges, dams and other forms of infrastructure are constructed. However, have you ever thought about how both fields, if they are so closely related, remain independent? Here’s a blog to help you understand the difference between Civil Engineering and Architecture.

Architects and Civil Engineers have distinct differences

Despite being similar fields, Civil Engineering and Architecture work differently. In Civil Engineering, there is a focus on strengthening structures to be able to withstand extreme weather conditions, checking the quality of the materials used for building construction, etc. In contrast, architecture involves improving the functionality and aesthetics of the structure. The area of Architecture is concerned with improving a structure’s artistry, looks, functionality, etc.

In the following sections, you will be able to understand the difference between Civil Engineers and Architects. Architects are responsible for designing a building during construction. The details such as style, shape, colour, and so on will be managed entirely by them. Civil engineers’ role begins once all these steps are complete, as they analyse and ensure the construction will be rock solid.

A Civil Engineer will decide what kind of material to use for the construction. In simpler terms, Architects will help you design your dream building, while Civil Engineers will make sure the structure rests securely for years to come.

The Basic Understanding of Architecture

Between 2018 and 2028, the number of architects is expected to rise 8%, faster than the average growth rate of 5% expected for all occupations, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). Meanwhile in India, a boom in building construction is driving the need for architects as more homes, offices, stores, schools, hospitals, and other structures are built. As of 2019, architects earned a median salary of $82,500 (₹60,00,000 approx.), according to the BLS. The majority of these professionals work as independent contractors or for architectural and engineering companies.

It is the job of architects to design detailed building plans using sophisticated software programs. In addition, they conduct pre-design studies such as feasibility and site selection. Clients and engineers meet with architects during the design phase to make sure facility objectives are met. During the building process, they are available to clients for questions and often visit sites to ensure all design, material, and schedule requirements have been met.

The Basic Understanding of Civil Engineering

As a result of growing populations and aging infrastructure, demand for new roads, bridges, airports, utility projects, and other important structures is expected to increase by 6% by 2028. In 2019, civil engineers earned a median salary of $87,000 (₹64,00,000 approx.), according to the BLS.

Surveying, analysing construction sites and evaluating construction materials are some of the tasks civil engineers perform during project planning stages. During the design phase, they use complicated design software programs. As soon as construction begins, they monitor the worksite to make sure structural safety is maintained and to solve any problems that arise. The vast majority of civil engineers work in government, engineering firms or independently as well.

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